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5 Swan Lake Blvd, Unit 7
Markham, ON L6E 0K7

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Causes of Cataracts

Cataracts are part of the natural aging process of the eye and therefore, if you live to an old age, you will likely eventually develop one. While most cases of cataracts develop as part of this process, there are instances of congenital cataracts which are present at birth. Further, secondary or traumatic cataracts can occur at any age as a result of an eye injury, surgery or disease.While the risk of developing a cataract does increase as you age, it is not the only risk factor. Research shows that there are environmental, health and behavioral risk factors that can also play a role in cataract development. Many of these risk factors are avoidable and preventable. These risk factors include:

  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or other sources
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Certain medications such as steroids or statin medications
  • History of eye injury or eye surgery
  • Family history

Since they are largely a part of the the natural aging process of the eye, cataracts can’t necessarily be avoided, however knowing if you have additional risk factors can help you to take preventative steps to delay the onset of the condition.

COVID-19 Notes

Thank you for entrusting Markham Eye and Vision Care . As one of the essential health care professionals, we will stay open during Ontario Emergency Order effective on Jan 14th, 2021. Please do your best to stay-at -home. 

Following the guidelines of College of Optometrists of Ontario, and the Directive of Chief Medical Officer of Health, we try our best with preventative measures to protect our patients and team against the spread of COVID-19.

Thank you for your understanding and cooperation.

New procedures for your appointment and visits.

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College of Optometrists of Ontario

COVID-19 Update: Ontario Emergency Order Effective January 14, 2021

The Ontario government has declared a second state of emergency that will take effect January 14, 2021.

The state of emergency includes a stay-at-home order that requires citizens to stay home except for essential purposes such as accessing grocery stores, pharmacies, health care services, and for essential work.

The order specifically targets social gatherings, non-essential retail, and non-essential construction. At this time, health care services such as optometry are not included in the order.

We stay open for your essential needs.